Sida indica L.
Abutilon indicum (Indian abutilon, Indian mallow) is a small shrub in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions. This plant is a valuable medicinal and ornamental plant, its roots and leaves being used for curing fevers. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range, and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands.
- Hindi name: कंंघाइ "Kanghai"
- Urdu name: کنگھی "Kanghi"
- Tamil name: துத்தி "thuthi"
- Sanskrit name: अतिबला Atibalaa
- Telugu name: Duvvena Kayalu "duvvena benda"(దువ్వెన బెండ)
- Kannada name: TuThThi gida (ತುಥ್ಥಿ ಗಿಡ)
- Malayalam name:വെള്ളൂരം
- Odia name: ପେଡ଼ି ପେଡ଼ିକା "Pedi Pedika" 
In traditional medicine, A. indicum various parts of the plant are used as a demulcent, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, sedative, astringent, expectorant, tonic, anti-convulsant, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, and analgesic and to treat leprosy, ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea, and bladder infection. The whole plant is uprooted, dried and is powdered. In ancient days, maidens were made to consume a spoonful of this powder with a spoonful of honey, once in a day, for 6 months until the day of marriage, for a safe and quick pregnancy.
The plant is commonly used in Siddha medicines. The root, bark, flowers, leaves and seeds are all used for medicinal purposes by Tamils. The leaves are used as adjunct to medicines used for pile complaints. The flowers are used to increase semen in men.[unreliable medical source?]
β-Sitosterol is present in A. indicum and a petroleum ether extract has larvicidal properties against the mosquito larvae Culex quinquefasciatus. A methanol extract of A. indicum has some antimicrobial properties.
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- Anti-inflammatory activity of Abutilon indicum Linn. Leaf. DK Golwala, LD Patel,SB Bothara, SK Vaidya, AR Sahu, S Kumar. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical & Technology (ISSN Online: 0974-360X; Print: 0974-3618), Raipur, India. 2010: Volume 3, Issue 1, page: 433-439.
- Nishanta Rajakaruna; Cory S. Harris; G.H.N. Towers (2002). "Antimicrobial Activity of Plants Collected from Serpentine Outcrops in Sri Lanka" (PDF). Pharmaceutical Biology. 40 (3): 235–244. doi:10.1076/phbi.18.104.22.16825. S2CID 53004266.
- Pandikumar, P.; Chellappandian, M.; Mutheeswaran, S.; Ignacimuthu, S. (2011). "Consensus of local knowledge on medicinal plants among traditional healers in Mayiladumparai block of Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 134 (2): 354–362. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.12.027. PMID 21193023.
- J.Raamachandran, "Herbs of Siddha Medicines – The First 3D Book on Herbs, p. 4[full citation needed]
- A. Abdul Rahuman; Geetha Gopalakrishnan; P. Venkatesan; Kannappan Geetha (2008). "Isolation and identification of mosquito larvicidal compound from Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet". Parasitology Research. 102 (5): 981–988. doi:10.1007/s00436-007-0864-5. PMID 18176816. S2CID 845151.
- Jigna Parekh; Nehal Karathia; Sumitra Chanda (2006). "Screening of some traditionally used medicinal plants for potential antibacterial activity". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 68 (6): 832. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.31031.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abutilon indicum.|
- Abutilon indicum, Indian Mallow Sinhalese Name:Beheth Anoda Indian Mallow, Abutilon
- Abutilon indicum photo
- Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University) (in Chinese) (in English)