Javanese edelweiss
Javanese Edelwiss at Mount Bromo.jpg
A person selling Anaphalis javanica (Javanese edelweiss) on Mount Bromo.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Anaphalis
A. javanica
Binomial name
Anaphalis javanica
(Reinw. ex Blume) DC.[1]

Gnaphalium javanicum "Bunga Senduro" Reinw. ex Blume

Anaphalis javanica or Javanese edelweiss is a flowering plant species endemic to Indonesia. They are found mostly in mountainous regions of Java, southern Sumatra, southern Sulawesi and Lombok.[3] Although a mature plant can reach eight metres in height, most specimens are less than a metre tall.[4] The flower are generally seen between April and August.[3] A bird species, the Javan whistling thrush (Myophonus glaucinus), nests in the plant's branches.


Dried flower, sold as souvenir at Mount Bromo.

Known as bunga abadi in Indonesian, literally means eternal flower, this plant is popular among tourists. Dried flowers are often sold as souvenirs. This could lead to the destruction of the wild grown species. In the Bromo-Tengger region in East Java this plant is considered extinct. This species is constantly decreasing in number and is currently protected in Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park.[citation needed]

The plant has been protected under Indonesian law since 1990.[4]



  1. ^ Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1837. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 6: 271
  2. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  3. ^ a b Whitten, Tony and Jane (1992). Wild Indonesia: The Wildlife and Scenery of the Indonesian Archipelago. United Kingdom: New Holland. p. 127. ISBN 1-85368-128-8.
  4. ^ a b Diamond, Deviana (April 14, 2020). "14 Facts of Anaphalis javanica, the Edelweiss Flower Symbol of Eternal Love". IDN Times. Retrieved April 27, 2021.