Apeiba tibourbou
Apeiba tibourbou MHNT.BOT.2007.27.19.jpg
Fruit of Apeiba tibourbou
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Apeiba
A. tibourbou
Binomial name
Apeiba tibourbou

Apeiba tibourbou is a tree native to Caatinga and Cerrado vegetation in Brazil, and Costa Rica. It is used as an alternative fiber crop to make paper. It is found in Mexico, Central America, and the northern part of South America.[2]

This fast-growing tree typically reaches 15 meters tall, though it can reach 25 meters in some habitats.[3] The star-shaped yellow flowers give way to dry capsules covered with soft green spines.[4] The leaves are pointed at the tip and rounded at the base, 10-30 centimeters long and 6-12 centimeters wide, borne on petioles 1-3 centimeters long.[5] The leaf margins are lightly serrated, and the veins are lightly hairy.[6]

The wood is light and floats easily, so it is used to make buoys and small boats.[7]


  1. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Apeiba tibourbou". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T144314871A149027034. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T144314871A149027034.en. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Apeiba tibourbou Aubl. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  3. ^ "Apeiba tibourbou - Useful Tropical Plants". tropical.theferns.info. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  4. ^ "STRI Research Portal - Apeiba tibourbou". stricollections.org. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  5. ^ "HVAA - Apeiba tibourbou". herbariovaa.org. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  6. ^ "Apeiba tibourbou Aubl". www.worldfloraonline.org. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  7. ^ Pereira, Benedito Alísio da Silva (2017-07-03). "Apeiba tibourbou Aubl". Árvores do Bioma Cerrado (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-06-24.

External links