Bursera fagaroides is a species of flowering plant in the genus Bursera known by the common names torchwood copal and fragrant bursera. It is widespread across much of Mexico from Sonora to Oaxaca, and its range extends just into Arizona in the United States, although some sources suggest that it may now be extirpated in Arizona.
This plant is a shrub or tree growing up to 10 meters (33 feet) tall. The trunk is swollen, with peeling red-tinged bark. The leaves are pinnate, each made up of 5 to 11 leaflets. The flowers are borne singly or in clusters at the ends of branches and are white, sometimes with a yellow or greenish tint. The gray-brown triangular fruit is about 6 millimeters long and splits open when ripe to release a reddish seed.
This plant grows in the scrub of the Sonoran Desert. Farther south in Mexico it can be found in arroyos in subtropical scrub habitat. It is found in shallow soils and rocky substrates, often limestone.
In Mexico, the gum from the tree has been used in treating scorpion stings and insect bites.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bursera fagaroides.|
- The Plant List, Bursera fagaroides (Kunth) Engl.
- Bursera fagaroides. Archived 2014-09-16 at the Wayback Machine Plant Abstracts. Arizona Game and Fish Department.
- SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Ortiz-Pulido, R. and V. Rico-Gray. (2006). Seed dispersal of Bursera fagaroides (Burseraceae): The effect of linking environmental factors. The Southwestern Naturalist 51(1) 11-21.
- Standley, Paul C.; Blake, S. F. (1923). "Trees and Shrubs of Mexico (Oxalidaceae-Turneraceae)". Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Washington, D.C.: Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution. 23 (3): 549. JSTOR 23492504.
- NatureServe. 2014. Bursera fagaroides. Plant Abstracts. Arizona Game and Fish Department.
- Bursera fagaroides var. elongata. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum.
- photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden
- Becerra, J. X.; D. L. Venable (2008). Rees, M. (ed.). "Sources and sinks of diversification and conservation priorities for the Mexican tropical dry forest". PLOS ONE. 3 (10): e3436. Bibcode:2008PLoSO...3.3436B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003436. PMC 2562985. PMID 18927613.