Sjambok pod
Cassia abbreviata 1.jpg
Scientific classification
C. abbreviata
Binomial name
Cassia abbreviata

See text

Cassia abbreviata, commonly known as the Sjambok pod or Long-tail cassia, is a mostly tropical tree species in the genus Cassia, which is native to Africa.

Native distribution

Drinking monepenepe in Botswana.

Cassia abbreviata is native to east, northeast, south, and west-central Africa; found in Botswana, the DRC, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa (in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga), Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[1]


Proguibourtinidins, a type of condensed tannins, can be found in C. abbreviata[2] and guibourtinidol, a flavan-3ol, can be found in its heartwood.[3]


Three subspecies are distinguished on the basis of petal size, pubescence and geographical distribution:[4]

  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. abbreviata
  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana (Holmes) Brenan
  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. kassneri (Baker f.) Brenan

See also


  1. ^ a b  Cassia abbreviata was originally described and published in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 271. 1871. "Cassia abbreviata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  2. ^ Malan, Elfranco; Swinny, Ewald; Ferreira, Daneel; Steynberg, Petrus (1996-03-01). "The structure and synthesis of proguibourtinidins from Cassia abbreviata". Phytochemistry. 41 (4): 1209–1213. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(95)00656-7.
  3. ^ The novel Flavan-3-ol, (2R,3S )-guibourtinidol and its diastereomers. Reinier J.J. Nel, Makhosazana Mthembu, Johan Coetzee, Hendrik van Rensburg, Elfranco Malan and Daneel Ferreira, Phytochemistry 52 (1999) 1153-1158
  4. ^ Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S. "Cassia abbreviata" (PDF). Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Retrieved 16 May 2016.

External links