Euphorbia aaron-rossii
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
E. aaron-rossii
Binomial name
Euphorbia aaron-rossii

Euphorbia aaron-rossii, also known as the Marble Canyon spurge, is a perennial, herbaceous plant species of Euphorbia native to Arizona.[1] It’s most closely related to E. strictior and E. wrightii, but needs more study.[2]


Plants are suffrutescent with densely clustered, erect, wiry stems, including many dead ones persisting from past season. 2.5-4.5 cm tall and width being about the same, arising from a woody caudex surmounting a thick taproot. Herbage are ascending, piloss, pubescent, becoming sparsely struggles to glabrous with time and age. Stems are apparently annual (with new growth originating from the caudex), green, longitudinally striate, erect, monopodially branched at vegetative lower nodes, the internodes exceeding the leaves, the floral upper nodes sympodially branched with the main axis terminating in a cyanthium and a lateral branch becoming the leader. Leaves are alternate, with the length of the stipules minute glands being 0.1-0.25 mm long or occasionally obsolete. The petiole is short, being 0.2-2.2 mm long, soon becoming reflexed, usually a pale green or yellowish green. The blade is entire, symmetrical at base being 1-3.2 cm long varying in shape but the lower ones are usually broader and shorter, ovate to lanceolate.[3] taminate flowers 20–25. Pistillate flowers: ovary strigose; styles 1–1.3 mm, 2-fid at apex. Capsules subglobose, 2–3 × 4 mm, sparsely strigose; columella 2–3 mm. Seeds gray-green to gray-brown, globose-ovoid, 1.8–2.2 × 1.2–1.6 mm, longitudinally pitted; caruncle absent.[2]

This plant flowers and fruits in spring-fall. They are native to sandy soils and dunes, occasionally rocky slopes, riparian areas; of conservation concern; 600–1300 m; Ariz.[2]


  1. ^ "Plants Profile for Euphorbia aaron-rossii (Marble Canyon spurge)". Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  2. ^ a b c "Euphorbia aaron-rossii in Flora of North America @". Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  3. ^ Holmgren, Arthur H.; Holmgren, Noel H. (1988). "Euphorbia aaron-rossii (Euphorbiaceae), a New Species from Marble and Grand Canyons of the Colorado River, Arizona". Brittonia. 40 (4): 357–362. doi:10.2307/2807646. ISSN 0007-196X. Retrieved 25 July 2021.