Large-leaved rock fig
Ficus abutilifolia, habitus, Roodekrans.jpg
In Walter Sisulu Botanical Garden
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Subgenus: F. subg. Urostigma
F. abutilifolia
Binomial name
Ficus abutilifolia
(Miq.) Miq.
  • F. soldanella Warb.
  • Urostigma abutilifolium Miq.[2]

Ficus abutilifolia, the large-leaved rock fig,[1] is a species of African rock-splitting[3]fig that occurs in two disjunct regions, one population north, and another south of the equator. The two populations are pollinated by different fig wasps, and are morphologically distinct.[4] It is named for the similarity of its broadly ovate leaves to that of Abutilon.[3] It is virtually restricted to cliff faces and rock outcrops, and is easily recognized from its large, glabrous leaves and smooth, pale bark.

Species associations

Nigeriella fusciceps Wiebes is the pollinating wasp for the northern population, and Elisabethiella comptoni Wiebes pollinates the southern population.[3][4]Philocaenus rotundus is an associated but non-pollinating wasp.[4]



  1. ^ a b Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI).; IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2020). "Ficus abutilifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T146435124A146451622. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T146435124A146451622.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq., Synonyms". ThePlantList. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Burring, Jan. "Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq". SANBI. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b c van Noort, S., Rasplus, J. "Ficus abutilifolia (Miquel) Miquel 1867". Figweb. Iziko Museums. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.

External links

Media related to Ficus abutilifolia at Wikimedia Commons