|Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides|
|Mountain beech trees|
Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides, commonly called mountain beech (Māori: tawhai rauriki), is a species of Southern beech tree and is endemic to New Zealand. Mountain beech grows in mountainous regions at high altitudes. In New Zealand the taxon is called Fuscospora cliffortioides.Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides occupies a wider range of habitat than any other New Zealand tree species and it shows a corresponding range of life form, seeding habits, regenerative patterns, growth habits, growth rates, stand replacement and mortality patterns.
Mountain beech grows to around 20 metres (66 ft) but near the treeline forms a "goblin forest" where the trees are no more than 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall. It also has leaves that are elongated and have a pointed end.
- Mountain beech is known to hybridise with black beech (Nothofagus solandri var. solandri) where the two species co-exist, and in some places the hybrids may form complex introgressive hybrid swarms.
- Mountain beech also hybridises with red beech (Nothofagus fusca) to form the hybrid species Nothofagus × blairii.
- Hogan, C. Michael (ed). "Fuscospora cliffortioides". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 15 January 2016.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Fuscospora cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen". Flora of New Zealand. Landcare Research 2010-2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- Heenan, Peter B.; Smissen, Rob D. (2013). "Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fuscospora, Lophozonia, and Trisyngyne (Nothofagaceae)". Phytotaxa. 146 (1): 131. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.146.1.1. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- John Wardle (1969). Ecology of Nothofagus solandri (Black beech and mountain beech). University of Canterbury. Botany. OCLC 706454567.
- "Mountain Beech Height". Details of our range of Beech variety. Southern Woods Nursery Ltd.
- "Fuscospora cliffortioides". New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Retrieved 31 May 2015.