Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides
Mountain Beech.jpg
Mountain beech trees
Scientific classification
F. cliffortioides
Binomial name
Fuscospora cliffortioides
(Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen[1]
  • Fagus cliffortioides Hook.f.
  • Nothofagus cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Oerst.
  • Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Poole

Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides, commonly called mountain beech (Māori: tawhai rauriki), is a species of Southern beech tree and is endemic to New Zealand. Mountain beech grows in mountainous regions at high altitudes. In New Zealand the taxon is called Fuscospora cliffortioides.[3]Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides occupies a wider range of habitat than any other New Zealand tree species and it shows a corresponding range of life form, seeding habits, regenerative patterns, growth habits, growth rates, stand replacement and mortality patterns.[4]

Mountain beech grows to around 20 metres (66 ft)[5] but near the treeline forms a "goblin forest" where the trees are no more than 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall. It also has leaves that are elongated and have a pointed end.


  • Mountain beech is known to hybridise with black beech (Nothofagus solandri var. solandri) where the two species co-exist, and in some places the hybrids may form complex introgressive hybrid swarms.[6]
  • Mountain beech also hybridises with red beech (Nothofagus fusca) to form the hybrid species Nothofagus × blairii.[3]


  1. ^ Hogan, C. Michael (ed). "Fuscospora cliffortioides". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 15 January 2016.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Fuscospora cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen". Flora of New Zealand. Landcare Research 2010-2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b Heenan, Peter B.; Smissen, Rob D. (2013). "Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fuscospora, Lophozonia, and Trisyngyne (Nothofagaceae)". Phytotaxa. 146 (1): 131. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.146.1.1. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  4. ^ John Wardle (1969). Ecology of Nothofagus solandri (Black beech and mountain beech). University of Canterbury. Botany. OCLC 706454567.
  5. ^ "Mountain Beech Height". Details of our range of Beech variety. Southern Woods Nursery Ltd.
  6. ^ "Fuscospora cliffortioides". New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Retrieved 31 May 2015.

External links