Bumblebee orchid
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Ophrys
O. bombyliflora
Binomial name
Ophrys bombyliflora

Ophrys bombyliflora, the bumblebee orchid, is a species of Ophrys (bee orchid), native from the Mediterranean region from Portugal and the Canary Islands to Turkey and Lebanon. The genus name Ophrys is from the Greek in reference to the hairy lips of the flowers of this genus; the specific epithet bombyliflora is from the Greek bombylios (bumblebee)[1] in reference to the appearance of the flowers of this species.

Ophrys bombyliflora is pollinated by males of solitary bees of the genus Eucera (which are not bumblebees).[2] As with other species of Ophrys, the flowers mimic the females in appearance and scent. Earlier-emerging males attempt to mate with the flowers ("pseudocopulation"), collecting pollinia in the process which they transfer to other flowers of the same species.[3]


  1. ^ Brown, R.W. (1956), Composition of scientific words: A manual of methods and a lexicon of materials for the practice of logotechnics, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press
  2. ^ Delforge, Pierre (1995), The Collins Guide to Orchids of Britain and Europe, trans. Christine Grey-Wilson, London: HarperCollins, ISBN 978-0-00-220024-0, p. 349
  3. ^ Delforge 1995, p. 291

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