Ophrys fusca
Ophrys lupercalis 3.jpg
Flower of Ophrys fusca
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Ophrys
O. fusca
Binomial name
Ophrys fusca
  • Arachnites fusca (Link) Tod.
  • Ophrys kedra Paulus
  • Ophrys meropes P.Delforge
  • Ophrys theophrasti Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.

Ophrys fusca, commonly known as the sombre bee-orchid or the dark bee-orchid, is a species of orchid native to the Mediterranean from southwestern Europe and northern Africa to western Asia.[1][2] Most subspecies of the Ophrys fusca are pollinated by males of Andrena bees.[3]


Five subspecies are currently recognized (May 2014):[1]

  • Ophrys fusca subsp. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen - Turkey, Greek islands
  • Ophrys fusca subsp. cinereophila (Paulus & Gack) Faurh.- Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria
  • Ophrys fusca subsp. fusca - from Portugal to Turkey
  • Ophrys fusca subsp. iricolor (Desf.) K.Richt. - from Portugal to Turkey
  • Ophrys fusca subsp. pallida (Raf.) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.A.Camus - Sicily, Tunisia, Algeria


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Ofride scura, Sombre Bee Orchid
  3. ^ Sto¨kl, J.; et al. (June 2005). "Pollinator attracting odour signals in sexually deceptive orchids of the Ophrys fusca group". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 254 (1–2): 105–120. doi:10.1007/s00606-005-0330-8.

External links