Osyris lanceolata
Osyris lanceolata.JPG
Osyris lanceolata in Cádiz, (Spain)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Santalales
Family: Santalaceae
Genus: Osyris
O. lanceolata
Binomial name
Osyris lanceolata

Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich., etc.[2]

Osyris lanceolata, also known as African sandalwood, is used for its scented wood and to extract essential oil. The hemi-parasitic plant is found from South Africa to Zimbabwe and east Africa, including Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda; northwest Africa; the southern half of the Iberian Peninsula and Macaronesia.[3] It grows in rocky areas or along the margins of dry forest, but is usually not abundant in any one place.

The wood is overexploited in parts of its range despite legal protection.[4]


  1. ^ Wilson, B. (2018). Osyris lanceolata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T200642A2675362. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T200642A2675362.en. Downloaded on 5 August 2018.
  2. ^ The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 5 August 2018).
  3. ^ "Osyris lanceolata" (PDF). Flora Iberica. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  4. ^ William Omondi Oloo. "A very useful plant, Osyris lanceolata, is at risk of extinction due to overexploitation". Kew News. Kew Botanical Gardens. Retrieved 14 December 2012.

External links

Media related to Osyris lanceolata at Wikimedia Commons