Rosa arvensis
Rosa arvensis (Liege-Rose) IMG 1378.JPG
Rosa arvensis in Lower Austria
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
R. arvensis
Binomial name
Rosa arvensis
Huds, 1762[1]

Rosa arvensis, the field rose, is a species of wild rose native to Western, Central and Southern Europe.


The plant is variously known as the Field Rose[2] and white-flowered trailing rose.[3] It may also be called Shakespeare’s musk.[4]


The following synonyms were recognised in October 2018:[5]

  • Rosa pervirens (Rosa arvensis × sempervirens)
  • Rosa polliniana (Rosa arvensis × gallica)
  • Rosa repens

Rosa arvensis is closely related to Rosa sempervirens L. and Rosa phoenicia Boiss.[6]


The hip of Rosa arvensis, seen in Lower Austria

The plant can grow to be between 3 and 3.7 metres (9.8 and 12.1 ft) tall. Its flowers are white, 4 to 5 centimetres (1.6 to 2.0 in) across, and its fruits ('hips') are red. It blooms in the summer (July in England,[2] May–June in Bulgaria).[7]


Rosa arvensis was first identified in England and has been subsequently observed elsewhere in Europe.[4][8] In England, it can be seen principally in hedges and thickets,[3] while in Bulgaria, it also forms part of the understory of deciduous forests.[7]

It is found in most of the British Isles (except Scotland), France and Belgium, the Pyrenees (at altitudes up to 1000 m) and in more scattered localities elsewhere in Spain, in the west and south of Germany, the foothills of the Alps (up to 1330 m in the Central and Eastern Alps, up to 1400 m in the Maritime Alps), in Italy, Western Hungary, in the Little Carpathians of Slovakia, the Carpathians of Romania, most of the Balkan Peninsula (in Bulgaria up to 1000 m).[9] It has been reported in isolated ccurrences in North-western Africa, southern Anatolia and the Levant, but it is likely these are instead instances of R. phoenicia. In Caucasia it is present only as a cultivated plant.[10]



  1. ^ Hudson 1762, p. 192.
  2. ^ a b Beales 1988, p. 208.
  3. ^ a b White 1912, p. 299.
  4. ^ a b Harkness 1978, p. 150.
  5. ^ "Flora Europea". Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  6. ^ MJW 1965, T535.
  7. ^ a b Dimitrov 1973, p. 122.
  8. ^ Kollár & Balkovic 2006, p. 61.
  9. ^ AFE 2004, p. 41; MJW 1965, T535, K224; Dimitrov 1973, p. 122
  10. ^ AFE 2004, p. 42.