Tetraneuris acaulis
Hymenoxys acaulis head 2003-03-11.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
T. acaulis
Binomial name
Tetraneuris acaulis
(Pursh) Greene 1898
  • Gaillardia acaulis Pursh 1813
  • Actinea acaulis (Pursh) Spreng.
  • Actinella acaulis (Pursh) Nutt.
  • Cephalophora acaulis (Pursh) DC.
  • Hymenoxys acaulis (Pursh) K.F. Parker
  • Picradenia acaulis (Pursh) Britton
  • Ptilepida acaulis (Pursh) Britton
  • Actinea eradiata (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinea incana (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinea osterhoutii A.Nelson
  • Actinea simplex (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinella eradiata (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinella incana (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinella simplex (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Tetraneuris eradiata A.Nelson
  • Tetraneuris incana A.Nelson
  • Tetraneuris pygmaea (A.Gray) Wooton & Standl.
  • Tetraneuris septentrionalis Rydb.
  • Tetraneuris simplex A.Nelson
  • Actinea arizonica (Greene) A.Nelson
  • Tetraneuris arizonica Greene
  • Actinea argentea (A.Gray) Kuntze
  • Actinea formosa (Greene ex Wooton & Standl.) A.Nelson
  • Actinea leptoclada (A.Gray) Kuntze
  • Actinella leptoclada A.Gray
  • Actinea lanigera Daniels
  • Tetraneuris brevifolia Greene
  • Tetraneuris lanata Greene
  • Tetraneuris lanigera Daniels
  • Actinea epunctata (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Actinella epunctata (A.Nelson) A.Nelson
  • Tetraneuris crandallii Rydb.
  • Tetraneuris epunctata A.Nelson

Tetraneuris acaulis is a North American species of flowering plants in the sunflower family.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Common names include angelita daisy,[8]stemless four-nerve daisy,[9]stemless hymenoxys,[4]butte marigold,[10] and stemless rubberweed.[10]


Tetraneuris acaulis is widespread across much of the western and central United States, west-central Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan) and northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Zacatecas).[11][4][12] It grows in a variety of habitat types in foothills and subalpine regions,[5] and high prairie, badlands,[4] and plains.[2]


Tetraneuris acaulis is a "highly variable"[2] plant is a perennial herb which may be quite tiny to over 60 centimeters (2 feet) in height. The erect stems are surrounded by basal leaves. The leaves may be hairy or hairless, and glandular or without glands. There may be few or many flower heads borne singly on hairy stalks. The base of each flower head is up to 1.6 centimeters (0.64 inches) wide. The head contains 8 to 21 yellow ray florets each up to 2 centimeters (0.8 inch) long. At the center are many yellow disc florets, sometimes 200 or more. The fruits are dry achenes only a few millimeters long.[7] Flowering time is summer.[4][5]


It is generally accepted that there are four varieties of this species:[7][12]

Medicinal uses

Tetraneuris acaulis has been used as a traditional medicinal plant. The Hopi used a poultice of the plant to relieve hip and back pain in pregnant women, and to make a stimulating drink.[16]


  1. ^ Tetraneuris acaulis. ITIS.
  2. ^ a b c Tetraneuris acaulis'. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas.
  3. ^ Hymenoxys acaulis. The Jepson Manual, University of Calilfornia
  4. ^ a b c d e Hymenoxys acaulis Archived 2013-02-02 at the Wayback Machine. United States Geologic Survey, Native Wildflowers of the North Dakota Grasslands.
  5. ^ a b c Tetraneuris acaulis. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers.
  6. ^ Tetraneuris acaulis. CalFlora taxon report, University of California
  7. ^ a b c Tetraneuris acaulis. Flora of North America.
  8. ^ Arizona Municipal Water Users Association, Low Water-use Plants
  9. ^ a b Tetraneuris acaulis. United States Department of Agricultgure Plants Profile
  10. ^ a b Tetraneuris acaulis. Canadensys.
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  12. ^ a b SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter photos, description, distribution map
  13. ^ Tetraneuris acaulis. Tropicos
  14. ^ Welsh, Stanley Larson. 1993. Rhodora 95(883/884): 398–399 diagnosis in Latin, commentary in English
  15. ^ Welsh, Stanley Larson. 1993. Rhodora 95(883/884): Plate 1, figure 5 line drawing of Tetraneuris acaulis var. nana
  16. ^ Tetraneuris acaulis'. University of Michigan, Dearborn, Native American Ethnobotany Database.

External links