Tulipa agenensis
Tulip agenensis ZE.jpg
Tulip agenensis in Israel
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Lilieae
Genus: Tulipa
Subgenus: Tulipa subg. Tulipa
T. agenensis
Binomial name
Tulipa agenensis
  • Tulipa oculus-solis DC.
  • Tulipa acuminata Vahl ex Hornem.
  • Tulipa raddii Reboul
  • Tulipa maleolens Reboul
  • Tulipa apula Guss. ex Ten.
  • Tulipa foxiana Reboul
  • Tulipa lortetii Jord.
  • Tulipa boissieri Regel
  • Tulipa hexagonata Borbás
  • Tulipa martelliana Levier
  • Tulipa libanotica Regel
  • Tulipa dammanii Regel
  • Tulipa aximensis E.P.Perrier & Songeon
  • Tulipa sharonensis Dinsm.
  • Tulipa veneris A.D.Hall
  • plus several more names at the level of variety or subspecies

Tulipa agenensis is a Middle Eastern species of flowering plant in the family Liliaceae.[1] It is native to Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, the Aegean Islands, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, and naturalized in the central and western Mediterranean (Italy, Tunisia, France, Portugal, Moldova etc.).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Tulipa agenensis is a bulb-forming perennial. The flowers are brick red or deep red with black and yellow markings toward the center with a green stem. The petals are oval, tapered with curled tips and it has green and lanceolate foliage.[8]


In Italy, it was commonly known as the 'Red Tulip of Bologne'.[9]

The specific epithet agenensis, refers to the French town of Agen, where a wild colony of the tulips were found.[9]

T. agenensis was originally described and published by Pierre-Joseph Redouté in his painted series 'Les Liliacées' Vol.1 in February 1804.[10][11]


A painting by the Dutch artist Jacob de Gheyn II, 'Vase of Flowers with a Curtain' in 1615, has several tulips including a hybrid Tulipa hungarica crossed with Tulipa agenensis. While Osias Beert I painting Flowers in a glass vase in a niche (undated but c.1606), also has several tulips including the Red tulip, Tulipa agenensis.[8]



  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Tulipano selvatico, Tulipa agenensis DC.
  3. ^ Eker, I., Babaç, M.T. & Koyuncu, M. (2014). Revision of the genus Tulipa L. (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 157: 1-112.
  4. ^ Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  5. ^ Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  6. ^ Dimpoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  7. ^ Everett, D. (2013). The genus Tulipa Tulips of the world: 1-380. Kew publishing, Kew.
  8. ^ a b Sam Segal and Klara Alen Dutch and Flemish Flower Pieces (2 Vols in case): Paintings, Drawings and Prints up to the Nineteenth Century, Vol.1 (2020), p. 177, at Google Books
  9. ^ a b Celia Fisher Tulip (2017), p. 74, at Google Books
  10. ^ "Tulipa agenensis Redouté | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Tulipa agenensis Redouté, Liliac. [Redouté] 1: t. 60, Add. (1804)". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 24 June 2021.

External links